Archive

Past Meetings

Joseph Donnermeyer, Environment and Natural Resources

November 1, 2017

4 - 5 p.m.

Grand Lounge, Faculty Club

"Understanding the Amish: Persistence and Change"

Learning about the Amish by watching a TV reality show about them is akin to claiming one is a Veterinarian (or alternatively, an entomologist) after viewing a full-length cartoon version of Charlotte’s Web. This lecture will guide the audience on a journey from the outer to the inner characteristics of the real Amish, who today represent one of the fastest growing religious groups in US society.

Gary G. Berntson, Psychology

October 4, 2017

4 - 5 p.m.

Grand Lounge, Faculty Club

"Non-invasive Brain Stimulation in Medicine, Athletics, Gaming and the Military"

Non-invasive transcranial brain stimulation this has been cleared by the USDA for the treatment of a number of psychiatric conditions, including depression, anxiety disorders and  other conditions. But this type of brain stimulation is not limited to the medical domain. It is increasingly being used by video “gamers” in an attempt to increase their competitive edge. Moreover, we are seeing increasing use in athletes for performance enhancement.  The present talk will be an adaptation of a joint invited address to the USADA (US Anti-D0png Agency, which deals with drug doping in the Olympics) and SMRTL (Sports Medicine Research and Testing Laboratories, which does the drug testing for the NFL and other professional teams). These agencies are concerned as to whether this practice constitutes “doping.” Potential applications extend even beyond this. The Department of Defense has contracted for studies of whether such non-invasive brain stimulation can enhance performance of combatants. The present talk will highlight developments in this area and prospects for the future.  

Christian Zacher, English

September 6, 2017

4 - 5 p.m.

Grand Lounge, Faculty Club

"Christopher Columbus Ohio: Why This Name for Our City?"

How and why did our city acquire its name? and what role has Christopher Columbus played in local and American history?

Dan Christie, Psychology

May 3, 2017

4 - 5 p.m.

Grand Lounge, Faculty Club

"The Power of Humanizing and Dehumanizing the Other"

Dehumanization is a pervasive phenomenon with profound implications for peace and human well-being. The consensus that some human qualities are unique or essential to what constitutes a human being and the denial of these qualities to certain categories of people has been implicated in violence within and across multiple levels of analysis, from interpersonal to international. Less attention has been given to the process of humanizing the Other though the arc of history might suggest the conferral of essential and unique human qualities to the Other is just as pervasive as denial. This lecture will offer a balanced perspective on humanization and dehumanization and highlight the dynamic feature of these processes. Using a psychosocial lens and drawing on research that colleagues are conducting in a number of countries, I will discuss the utility and subtlety of humanizing and dehumanizing processes and how they vary across geohistorical contexts.

Jack Nasar, City and Regional Planning

April 5, 2017

4 - 5 p.m.

Grand Lounge, Faculty Club

"Form Follows Gumption: Studies of Heroic Boutique Architecture"

Peter Eisenman, the competition winning architect for the Wexner Center said, "My work is not about convenience--it is about art. I am not suggesting that people should necessarily live in art -- I don't live in art -- and I'm not suggesting people ought to live in my architecture."

In a series of studies, I found that Eisenman succeeded. In the Wexner Center, he created a dysfunctional building that most people dislike. Subsequent studies found that although design competitions and signature architecture may attract publicity, the resulting buildings do not work. I suggest some common-sense guidelines for a more democratic architecture.

Morris Beja, English

March 1, 2017

4 - 5 p.m.

Grand Lounge, Faculty Club

“Fear and Desire in the Films of Stanley Kubrick”

This lecture will span the entire career of one of the most honored—and controversial—directors in the history of film. Of course Kubrick made such films as Dr. Strangelove, 2001: A Space Odyssey, A Clockwork Orange, The Shining, Full Metal Jacket, and Eyes Wide Shut. The talk will center on the relationship between love and death in his movies—what the title of his first almost unknown film calls Fear and Desire. Kubrick connects love—and sex—with death, or at least with the fear of death, and with fear and violence more generally. Clips will be shown from all the movies discussed.

Julia Watson, Comparative Studies

February 1, 2017

4 - 5 p.m.

Grand Lounge, Faculty Club

"Getting a Digital Life: Self-Presentation Online"

Formerly people kept diaries and journals, or wrote—in forms from letters to memoirs—in order to reflect on their lives. How have practices of self-reflection and the presentation of self-changed with the advent of digital media? Shifts in key concepts, such as archives, memory, identity, authenticity, branding, and quantification, make clear that what formerly was called the individual “self” is now a distributed subjectivity across multiple relationships and ideologies. How does the explosion of virtual “I”’s reshape familiar concepts about the self? What issues does the proliferation of online “selves” raise? In what ways do digital environments, which situate subjects as assemblages of surfaces, networks, archives, nodes, and avatars, blur the boundaries of individual lives and “remix” aspects of multiple persons? What consequences of online self-presentation ensue for us as “users”?

Richard Gunther, Political Science

December 7, 2016

4 - 5 p.m.

Grand Lounge, Faculty Club

“The Politics of Redistricting Reform: Theory and Practice”

What does the transition to democracy in Spain have to do with gerrymandering in Ohio? Richard Gunther began his research career studying politics in Spain, the centerpiece of which was its successful transition to democracy in the late 1970s. "The Spanish Model" of elite bargaining was subsequently applied by other scholars to their studies of the dynamics of political change in other countries.

Three decades later, Gunther was himself a participant in negotiations over political reform, in this case, efforts to eliminate the gerrymandering of legislative districts in  Ohio. To a striking degree, he found that "The Spanish Model" provided powerful insights into the failure (especially the "near miss" in 2010) and success (the passage of Issue 1 in 2014) of these redistricting reform efforts. In this talk, Gunther will analyze these processes of political change, as well as present an update on the prospects for reform of congressional redistricting currently under consideration (in which he is, again, a participant in negotiations).

Donald Haurin, Economics

November 2, 2016

4 - 5 p.m.

Grand Lounge, Faculty Club

“Reverse Mortgages: What, Who, Why, and When”

There are a large number of seniors with substantial home equity, but relatively little income. They could tap their home equity by moving to a rental unit or less expensive dwelling, but many wish to remain in their current home. For some seniors, traditional access to the credit market through refinancing or a home equity loan is unavailable due to lenders’ credit constraints. Financial planners are increasingly suggesting retirement planning strategies where reverse mortgages have a role. This talk summarizes four years of research on the U.S. Home Equity Conversion Mortgage. Topics covered include a description of reverse mortgages, who obtains them and the reasons for this decision, and the longer-term outcomes of obtaining a reverse mortgage.

John Hughes, Cancer Biology and Genetics

October 5, 2016

4 - 5 p.m.

Grand Lounge, Faculty Club

"Healthcare-Associated Infections: A Personal and Public Healthcare Tragedy"

The bacterial pathogen Clostridium difficile (C. diff.) can be carried by humans and animals. C. diff. infections are often acquired in hospitals and in long-term care facilities. Risk factors associated with C. diff. infections will be addressed in order to enable healthy decision making. If hospitalization and/or long-term care may be in your future, come learn about the risk factors for the number one cause of healthcare infections.